Tds on Conducting Agreement

TDS on Conducting Agreement: A Definitive Guide for Businesses

If your business is making payments to contractors or service providers, the concept of tax deduction at source (TDS) should not be new to you. Under TDS, you need to deduct a certain percentage of the payment and remit it to the government as advance tax on behalf of the recipient.

However, TDS is not just a simple deduction and deposit process. There are many intricacies involved, especially when it comes to conducting agreements with your vendors. In this article, we will explain the various aspects of TDS on conducting agreement and how you can ensure compliance while also optimizing your tax liabilities.

1. Applicability of TDS on Conducting Agreements:

TDS applies to payments made to contractors, consultants, freelancers, and other service providers. If you are making a payment of Rs. 30,000 or more to a single vendor in a financial year, you need to deduct TDS at prescribed rates before making the payment. However, different rates apply based on the nature of the services provided and the vendor`s tax residency status.

For example, if you are making a payment to a resident vendor for professional services, the TDS rate is 10%. If the vendor is non-resident, the rate can be as high as 30% or as per the tax treaty between India and the vendor`s home country.

2. TDS Compliance standards:

TDS compliance is critical for avoiding penalties and interest charges. To ensure compliance, you must obtain a Tax Deduction Account Number (TAN) and quote it on all TDS returns and challans. You must also issue a TDS certificate to the vendor within the prescribed time frame.

It is also essential to ensure that the vendor`s PAN is correct and verified. The PAN of the vendor must be linked to their Aadhaar to prevent fake or unauthorized vendors from receiving TDS refunds.

3. Treatment of TDS in Conducting Agreement:

To avoid any confusion or disputes, it is advisable to include provisions regarding TDS in your conducting agreement with vendors. The agreement must clearly state the TDS rates, the frequency of TDS payments, and the timeline for issuing TDS certificates.

If you are dealing with non-resident vendors, you must also include provisions regarding tax treaty benefits and the application of withholding tax rates under the treaty.

4. ClaimingTDS Credit:

Vendors can claim credit for TDS deducted on their tax returns. Therefore, it is essential to ensure that you have correctly deducted and deposited TDS. Any excess TDS deposited will be refunded to the vendor after the filing of their tax return.

5. TDS Optimization:

Besides compliance, it is essential to optimize your TDS deductions to reduce your tax liability. You can do this by planning your payments in such a way that they fall below the TDS threshold or by availing of lower TDS rates by obtaining a lower withholding tax certificate from the tax authorities.


TDS on conducting agreements is one of the critical compliance requirements for businesses making payments to contractors and service providers. While it can seem complicated, following the above steps can help you ensure compliance while optimizing your tax liabilities. By including TDS provisions in your conducting agreements, you can also avoid any disputes or confusion with your vendors.